"I readily confess that as a young man I had to go through the hell of despair over the apparent meaninglessness of life, through total and ultimate nihilism until I could develop an immunity against nihilism. I developed logotherapy. It is a pity that other authors, instead of immunizing their readers against nihilisim, inoculate them with their own cynicism, which is a defense mechanism or reaction formation, that they have built up against their own nihilism. This is a pity, because today more than ever the apparent meaninglessness of life has become and urgent and topical issue on a worldwide scale." -- Viktor Frankl--in "The Will to Meaning".